Located in the Grosse Île and the Irish Memorial National Historic Site, it bears witness to one of the major waves of immigration to Canada.
The Irish cemetery
In the early 19th century, many Europeans wanted to come to North America. Every year, thousands of newcomers arrived via Québec. Most were British, Irish or Scottish.
At the time, a vast cholera epidemic raged throughout Europe. To prevent this terrible disease from spreading to Canada, newcomers had to stay on Grosse-Île to make sure they were healthy.
For a long time, the St. Lawrence River was the main gateway to America!
Beginning in the 19th century and until the 1920s, newcomers from Europe crossed the ocean by ocean liner, the only means of transportation available.
Passengers were divided into three classes by ticket price: the more expensive the ticket, the higher up the cabin, the bigger the promenade decks and other spaces and the higher above the waterline.